Political Analyst, Nepal
Shyamal Adhikary, an old hand Nepali poet and Marxist critique, is also a seasoned political analyst. Originally he hails from Pagnath-8, Dailekh district and he is now in Kathmandu screening the turbulent internal and external dynamics of the ongoing Nepali political affairs through Marxist lens. Vendoring a number of commentaries on current political developments and of the Nepali society, Mr. Shyamal's recent books, include among others, 'Hatar ma Yatra' (Travelling in Haste), an anthology of poems, brought out by Sangri-la Books, has hit kiosks of Nepal's major cities. He is a senior journalist contributing to national newspapers and magazines also. He once served UNDP Nepal's in the ‘Capacity 21’ as a professional expert in development project management where he was also responsible for gender sensitiveness, communication and monitoring.
Sujit Mainali for the Telegraph Weekly and its online edition telegraphnepal.com approached and interviewed this seasoned political observer on several facets of Nepal's contemporary politics. Below the excerpts of his exclusive interview with this poet turned media man: Chief Editor
TQ1. What message the recent bloodshed that unfortunately took place in Janakpur has provided to the ruling class of Kathmandu?
Shyamal: This incident can be taken as an evidence of Nepali society's darkest part of its soul and spirit. This shows how a faction of the national society is heading towards cruelty, inhumanity and non-sense businesses. Indeed, such actions are triggered by some vested interest groups patronized by so-called 'political leaders' that rely on murderers, muscles and money-the three Ms. By dethroning the monarchy, it was hoped that Lokatantra will manage all this. But, Loktatantra itself is being victimized by the criminalization of politics and politicization of the criminal activities. As you understand, some small political groups have been emerging as power brokers and kingmakers. Some of them have gained power by selling unethical dreams, and some are being used as a tool to serve foreign interests. Some of the leaders realize that they can never enjoy power in a broader national society hence they stimulate racial or ethnic hormones to become 'local raja' (local King). It is believed that agents of foreign interests have also captured the decision making venues of Nepal like, for example, the political parties. Their influence on Nepalese political arena is much more dangerous. However, we are capable to decide our future and top brass of the political parties, sooner or later, will realize that factor.
TQ2. It is widely believed that the western countries are fostering ethnic movement inside Nepal for the fulfillment of their vested interest(s). But some days ago, Chairman of Nepal Labor Peasant Party Mr. Narayan Man Bijukche, in an interesting manner, alleged the major parties of Nepal for working to engender animosity among various ethnic groups of Nepal under the direction of our Southern neighbor, India. Mr. Shyamal! Which factors do you think is responsible for the preponderance of ethnic sentiments in Nepal?
Shyamal: Socio-economic inequality, lapsed security and unjust State behavior towards the common people were wrongly interpreted by Western countries in the name of promoting democracy in Nepal. Besides their good intentions behind, they failed to understand that funding non-state agencies for stimulating the soft tissues of ethnic sentiments will cost higher for this troubled tiny Himalayan Sangri-la. They must know that ethnic diversity is the most beautiful part of Nepal's nationhood which should not be disturbed at any cost. Western model of democracy, in a way, survives by unjust exploitation of others' resources. Western democracy sees no border for 'globalization' that allows the powers to invade those countries who are struggling for safeguarding their well being including socio-economic interests. And they produce perfect puppets manufactured at their universities; train through funding to training programs that can lead them to create socio-political unrest in our urban, semi urban and village areas. In the Gulf, they sale weapons, in Nepal they sell 'ideas'. As you know, they have fostered 'Right to Self-determination' of article 169 (ILO) in a manner which has been carved to paralyze a well harmonized society such as ours.
Almost all the political leaders are India groomed. Prior to 1947, India was a British colony, with no sovereignty over itself. Much ahead of this, India was nowhere in the world, as it is called today. There were hundreds of Riyasats and Sultanats. Benaras was the hub for education for Nepalese people too.
TQ3. We have come across with the information that you out rightly reject the popular argument prevailing among Nepali population about the tragic Royal Massacre which authenticates that the tragic massacre was the result of a grand design crafted by intelligence agencies of some so-called friendlier nations of Nepal. Can you please further elaborate your logic for the convenience of our august readers?
Shyamal: The Royal massacre was the result of power struggle within Durbar (Royal Palace). If you go to see the historical factors, Nepal durbar, like Durbars of other Kingdoms, has a history of bloodsheds. Therefore, I do not see any logic behind blaming others for such massacre. Rather, this should be considered as a game of gaining power by Durbariyas. This massacre ended with shifting absolute power to the then King's brother Gyanendra Shah who was once enthroned when his legal seniors were refugee in India. With the end of Rana autocracy, he was dethroned allowing his grandfather to regain the power.
Nepal has been used by intelligence agencies of world powers to closely watch China, a giant neighbor in the North, making a number of venues for anti-communist China. Since Nepal government is weak, this land is also evidently misused by mafia for illegal trading. But all these were supported by Durbariya businessmen to serve their interests in the past. In the absence of a people's government, this is in prevalence yet being conducted by anti nationalists making the land a safe haven for malicious foreign powers. Who can deny the Indian Ambassadors to Nepal's easy access to the bedrooms of Nepali political leaders even including UCPN-Maoist supremo? If we are allowing for interference, why we are blaming the outsiders? Nationalism has been just a slogan for gaining power for our leaders. This is unfortunate.
TQ4. In one of your article recently published in the Sourya Daily, you have praised President Dr. Ram Baran Yadav for his verbal commitment in not endorsing the new constitution if its provision(s) lead to the disintegration of our nation ultimately. Through such saying, don't you think Dr. Yadav is suspecting the integrity and conscience of lawmakers by implication? Which factors may have made him to fear that the CA may draft such a fatal constitution? Your informative comments please.
Shyamal: Yes, I praised Right Honorable President because he was in favor of national integrity. He addressed the feelings of common Nepali people like me that are forced to be divided into ethnic-based disintegration of a country like ours. We can consider such kind of federalism as a nightmare. As I do believe, his ground of saying 'no to disintegration' was to negate ethnic based division of the states that, in turn, can result in ethnic confrontation for capturing power and resources. And I am sure, he was right. If the patron, the President of the country, keeps silence even at times of crisis, he would have been blamed for his passive behavior.
Many lawmakers, as you have witnessed and as reported in the media of late, have been charged for having failed to implement the laws they themselves made, they have been punished as well for their misdeeds like abduction, bribery and illegally gulping down properties. Many of them are found just as a rubber stamp of their top hats. Rest of them, unexpectedly, are unable to properly influence constitution making process that is painful to all the citizens who had allowed them to write their fates. In these given circumstances, there is rather no perfect logic behind 'respecting the conscience' of the lawmakers who are seeking decision of top brass regardless to their own conscience and integrity.
TQ5. Dr. Rishi Raj Baral, a strong adherent of the political line floated by Mohan Badiya 'Kiran' inside the Unified Maoist party, during the formal sharing of his views with telegraphnepal.com some months back, had alleged the party establishment faction for trying their best to Indianize the Baidya Camp. Interestingly, he had said that Krishna Bahadur Mahara, a senior Maoist leader, has been assigned to accomplish this dangerous task. Mr. Shyamal, why the relation between Maoist and India often comes under controversy? Can you please make this issue clear with some surgical comments?
Shyamal: There is no controversy at all. Maoist leaders have also two kinds of elephant teeth- to show and to chew. They are blaming each other in the name of 'people' and this man (Dr. Baral) is also among them. I do not have concerns about their blames and counter blames. This only shows that Maoists are also the puppets of India. As he is also known as the former intelligence agent of Royal government of Nepal, it is possible that he better knows about the intelligence activities. He might have reliable sources of information for blaming his own leaders. Exclusive for telegraphnepal.com